Teenage pregnancy in the US is actually quite high. According to statistics the number of pregnancies in girls ages 15-19 was 67.8% per 1000 in 2008. Aaccording to the CDC teen pregnancy in the States is 9 times higher compared to other developed nations even though teen pregnancies are currently in decline. Many teenagers are aware of the risks of premarital sex. What they do not know however is that teenage pregnancies can have an effect on both the mother and child. Here are some of the dangers of teen pregnancies.
- High Blood Pressure
Pregnancy induced hypertension is quite common in teenagers. The rate is quite higher compared to pregnant women who are in their 20’s or 30’s. Aside from high blood pressure they are also at risk of preeclampsia. Pregnant teens with high blood pressure can affect the baby’s growth and complications in the pregnancy which could lead to a premature birth.
Many teenagers who are sexually active do not use any form of birth control, this puts them at high risk of STD or sexually transmitted diseases. STD like Chlamydia and HIV are very dangerous and can have serious effects on the unborn baby. Using a condom during intercourse while pregnant can help protect the baby.
- Premature Birth
A full term pregnancy is 40 weeks. A baby born before that is termed as a premature baby or preemie baby. The earlier the birth the more risk there is to the respiratory system. The baby is also at risk for vision and cognitive related problems.
- Post Partum Depression
Pregnant teenagers are at higher risk for post partum depression compared to women of other age groups. According to the CDC girls who start to feel sad even while pregnant should start seeking professional help. Post partum depression can interfere with taking care of the newborn.
- Low Birth Weight
Pregnant teens can also give birth to babies who have low birth weight. Low birth rate is 3.3 to 5.5 pounds. Small babies need neonatal care and might need the help of a respirator.